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myoffer课堂:介词的搭配

发布时间:2016-03-07 16:31:10

今日,小编给大家带来介词的搭配用法,同学们可以mark下来哟。


今日,小编给大家带来介词的搭配用法,同学们可以mark下来哟。

1.介词与动词的搭配

a.同一介词可以与不同的动词搭配,表示不同的意思。以of为例:

Jack reminds her grandma of her husband because he looks just like him. (使……想起)

Have you ever heard of such a thing? (听说)

She often spoke of her life in China. (谈起)

The lady was robbed of 10 dollars on her way home. (抢劫)

Thanks for thinking of me. (思念)

b.同一动词可以与不同的介词搭配使用,表示不同的意思。以look为例:

Look after the children. (照顾)

He looked at the timetable. (看)

What are you looking for? (寻找)

The police are looking into the case. (调查)

在许多动词 + 介词的结构中,介词实际上是动词的一部分,与动词一起构成短语动词。

2.介词与形容词的搭配

介词短语是形容词补语的一种,下面介绍几个常与形容词搭配的介词。

at⑴ 表示对某种因素在情绪上的反应,如:I am angry at their not telling me. 这类形容词还有:amazed, pleased, hurt, disappointed, excited, delighted, worried等;

⑵表示在某方面的能力,如: He‘s good at tennis. 这类形容词还有:adept, expert, show, hopeless, useless等。

in表示方面,如:He is successful in everything he does.这类形容词还有:lacking, interested, efficient, lucky等。

about表示对象,如:I am curious about her motives.这类形容词还有:certain, careful,careless, happy, pleased, sure, anxious等。

to表示目标,如:Your arguments are contrary to reason.这类形容词还有:acceptable,answerable, equal, hateful, kind, natural, painful, peculiar, pleasant, polite, rude, similar, strange, used等。

with 表示伴随,如:Your arguments are not consistent with your previous remarks.这类形容词还有:complete, content, angry ,busy, consistent, horrified, pleased, upset等。

for⑴表示对象,如:We are eager for news.这类形容词还有:bound, adequate, famous, fit,necessary, sorry, ready等;

⑵表示分离,如:She was absent from the meeting.这类形容词还有:free, different, separate, safe等。

3.介词与名词的搭配

介词与名词的搭配常常用在由动词、形容词等转换而来的名词的后面。如:

We can‘t ignore their concern for the matter.

His absence from school was caused by illness.


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