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从奥巴马演讲中看“雅思”写作真谛

发布时间:2016-03-07 17:32:25

准备雅思考试,申请英国大学,办理英国签证,许多准备出国的同学都还在为雅思考试头疼,你可知道总统奥巴马的演讲其实为雅思写作提供了很不错的素材?


准备雅思考试,申请英国大学,办理英国签证,许多准备出国的同学都还在为雅思考试头疼,你可知道总统奥巴马的演讲其实为雅思写作提供了很不错的素材?

在奥巴马总统11月16日的讲话中,我们发现了一个非常有趣的现象:总统讲话中有很多内容都和我们雅思写作考试的议论文任务有很大的关联。作为名人的言论,如果我们在写作内容中加入他的讲话内容,自然可以让我们的论证更有说服力。以下是讲话中的内容和雅思议论文中对应的内容说明。

在雅思写作考试中,曾有考到富国是否要帮助发展中或者尚待发展的国家和地区的考题,如:

Should rich countries offer assistance to those underdeveloped and undeveloped ones?

总统讲话中则提到了富国提供帮助的好处:他认为当今世界就是一个相互联系的地球村,该举使得双方受益,无论是帮助方还是接受帮助方。

In 1979, trade between the United States and China stood at roughly $5 billion -- today it tops over $400 billion each year. The commerce affects our people's lives in so many ways. America imports from China many of the computer parts we use, the clothes we wear; and we export to China machinery that helps power your industry. This trade could create even more jobs on both sides of the Pacific, while allowing our people to enjoy a better quality of life. And as demand becomes more balanced, it can lead to even broader prosperity.

I've said many times that I believe that our world is now fundamentally interconnected. The jobs we do, the prosperity we build, the environment we protect, the security that we seek -- all of these things are shared.

总统也提到了体育发展对于全人类的意义,同样,这个内容可以运用于以下这个考题:

Why it is important to develop sports?

总统讲话内容:

And in 1979, the connections among our people were limited. Today, we see the curiosity of those ping-pong players manifested in the ties that are being forged across many sectors.

Yao Ming is just one signal of our shared love of basketball.

我们都知道环境问题是雅思议论文中一个比较热门的考题,我们曾经遇到过:

The environmental problems are becoming worse. What can we do to help to make it better?

Some people say that solving environmental problems should only be the government concern, companies and individuals can hardly make any effort. What is your opinion?

总统讲话中关于环境的内容还是比较多的,总统认为中国和美国作为两个世界大国,应该在环境问题的解决上起到领导和主导作用。政府应当首当其冲的站在一个积极保护环境的立场。

In the United States, I think we are learning how to develop buildings that use much less energy, that are much more energy-efficient. And I know that with Shanghai, as I traveled and I saw all the cranes and all the new buildings that are going up, it's very important for us to start incorporating these new technologies so that each building is energy-efficient when it comes to lighting, when it comes to heating. And so it's a terrific opportunity I think for us to learn from each other.

So let me give you a specific example, and that is the issue we were just discussing of climate change. The United States and China are the world's two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, of carbon that is causing the planet to warm. Now, the United States, as a highly developed country, as I said before, per capita, consumes much more energy and emits much more greenhouse gases for each individual than does China. On the other hand, China is growing at a much faster pace and it has a much larger population. So unless both of our countries are willing to take critical steps in dealing with this issue, we will not be able to resolve it.

讲话中总统还运用了美国本土的俚语:I don't know if there's a similar saying in China -- we have a saying: "You made your bed, now you have to sleep in it." 而这句话用在雅思犯罪类的作文里是再贴切不过的了,类似于中文的“咎由自取”。

在总统讲话中,还有多处提到了教育问题,文化融合问题,科技进步问题,这些问题都和雅思议论文密切相关,不失为一篇好的学习写作的背景文章。


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